Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli was elected Pope on October 28, 1958 and chose John XXIII as his regnal name. He called the Second Vatican Council (1962–1965) but did not live to see it to completion, dying on June 3rd 1963, two months after the completion of his final encyclical, Pacem in Terris. He was beatified on September 3rd 2000, along with Pope Pius IX, during the Jubilee year. His feast day is October 11. The faithful saw in him a reflection of the goodness of God and called him "Il Papa Buono" (the good Pope).
The Transitional Pope
Following the death of Pope Pius XII after 19 years of pontificate, he was expected by many to be a caretaker and transitional pope, but he astonished the Church and the world with his energy and reforming spirit. He was meek and gentle, enterprising and courageous, simple and active, he carried out the Christian duties of the corporal and spiritual works of mercy: visiting the imprisoned and the sick, welcoming those of every nation and faith, bestowing on all his exquisite fatherly care.novembre.
The Reforming Pope
He expanded and internationalized the College of Cardinals, called the first diocesan synod of Rome in history, revised the code of canon law, and called the Second Vatican Council to revitalize the Church. This council was the major achievement of his life and undertook to renew the life of the Church and its teachings, with the ultimate goal of the reunification of Christianity. Moreover, as Bishop of Rome, he was unremitting in his care of his diocese, visiting hospitals, prisons, and schools.
John XXIII asked that the relations of Catholic Church with the Jewish be addressed at the Council, and that all the Catholics in the world were invited to show tolerance towards other religions, without forgetting their own faith. At the Nostra Ætate Declaration, it is stated that the Jewish living during Christ’s era, nor the Jewish from our time, are responsible for his death.
On September 23rd 1962, Pope John XXIII was first diagnosed with gastric carcinoma. The diagnosis, which was kept from the public, followed nearly eight months of occasional stomach hemorrhages, and reduced the pontiff's appearances. On May 11th 1963, the Italian president Antonio Segni awarded Pope John XXIII the Balzan Prize for his engagement for peace. It was the Pope's last public appearance. He died on the 3rd of June at the age of 81.